Global Phytosterols Market

Phytosterols are plant derived compounds which are also referred as stanols, and have a similar structure to that of cholesterol. This substance competitively help block the absorption of cholesterol in the digestive track, and therefore play a major contributing agent in lowering the total, LDL and non-HDL levels in blood. There are numerous food forms such as margarine, yogurt, salad dressing, which are fortified with phytosterols. Therefore, the significance of reducing blood cholesterol, coronary heart diseases and flexible government regulations increase the end-use consumption which furthermore suspects the growth of this market during the forecast period. It is expected that the phytosterols market will grow by 8.5% till 2020.

Global market value is projected to reach around $ 800 million by 2020 which will be substantial growth from 2014 market size of around $ 475 million. Europe and North America which occupied 38% of the market share in 2014 worldwide, are estimated to show growth in coming years as well and estimated market capturing would be nearly 50% by 2020, due to the health factors of the region.

Phytosterols are widely used as additives in food products such as dairy, sausages, cold cuts etc. The major growth enhancing parameters of phytosterols are favorable regulatory scenario, promoting their use in functional foods and nutraceutical. Increased cardiovascular diseases and rising aging population, especially in European countries are other driving force of the market growth. However the side effects and less awareness among masses hinders the growth cycle.

Phytosterols which are beneficial for cholesterol reduction in the blood, is widely present in plant based food and beverages. The massive increase of death rate in various regions due to coronary heart diseases and increased cardio vascular diseases has enhanced the phytosterols market over the years. Moreover, the beta- sitosterol accumulated the largest market share in 2013 of 65% and is expected to grow with a healthy rate in the next five years. The CAGR of 7.5% is estimated from 2015-2020 for beta-sitosterol due to its usage in wide range of medical applications such as colon cancer, cervical cancer etc.

Based on the variety of end user applications of phytosterols which includes food ingredients, pharmaceutical items and the cosmetic products are expected to enhance the demand for phytosterols globally. Regulating bodies approving the usage of phytosterols in food ingredients is another factor fuelling the demand for the global phytosterols market.

Moreover, considering the geographical derivation, European countries lead the market especially Germany in Europe has shown estimated market revenue at $ 290 million in 2013 and forecasted to do so in coming years from 2015-2020, with the CAGR of XX% by 2020. North America and Asia-Pacific phytosterol demand is also expected to grow at an estimated CAGR of XX% and XX% during 2015 to 2020, respectively. European countries have been the major consumers of phytosterols substances in past but Asia pacific and North America also likely to show significant potential in year 2015-2020 due to the key benefits of phytosterols in cancer treatments as well as blood cholesterol control.

The market players of phytosterols are diversified as small, medium and major with more players expected to enter the market in the long run. Therefore the industry dominant companies include BASF, Archer Daniels Midlands (ADM), Raisio Life Sciences and Bunge Limited. Acquisition was found to be the most preferred growth strategy in the phytosterols market. Other players such as DuPont, Cargill Inc., Gustav Parmentier GmbH also occupy chunk of the market share.

The increasing awareness and consciousness towards health and more research being done on the phytosterols beneficial aspects provides the scope for enriched future. Therefore awareness of phytosterols benefits needs to be raised in various countries, will lead to the increase in consumption exponentially.

Calcium Magnesium with Vitamin D3

Calcium, magnesium and Vitamin D aid in the growth and upkeep of carcasses and teeth

* Vitamin D aids in the engagement in addition to usage of calcium and phosphorous
* Magnesium aids to preserve correct strength meaning, helps in flesh development, and benefits the build to digest carbohydrates, fats and proteins
* Helps to prevent magnesium deficiency at three tablets everyday
* Calcium consumption, when collective with adequate vitamin D, a vigorous diet, and unvarying workout, may diminish the menace of evolving osteoporosis

A current reading available in The Archives of Internal Medicine presented that an adequate consumption of calcium as of both food and supplements might diminish and treat definite types of cancer. Lead by investigators from the National Cancer Institute in the United States, this reading tracked almost 500,000 men and women between the ages of 50 to 71 for a total of seven years. At study achievement, scientists found that women with advanced calcium intakes (up to 1,300 mg/day), had a decreased risk of cancer general. They also presented that together men and women with developed calcium eating had a inferior jeopardy of emerging cancers of the intestinal system and in specific, colorectal cancer. The consequences were the similar whether the calcium derived from dairy foodstuffs and other nutriments, or complements.

Vitamin D3 5000 IU

Vitamin d3 is a dietary supplement produced by V Multi Green that contains 5,000 I.U. of natural vitamin D3 per tablet. Vitamin D, also known as the “sunshine vitamin” is an essential vitamin that plays many important roles in the proper operative of the physique. However categorized as a vitamin, vitamin D is really a significant controlling hormone for calcium and bone breakdown. Acceptable vitamin D prominence is indispensible for ensuring normal calcium absorption and maintenance of healthy plasma calcium points. Also bone sustenance, vitamin D consumes countless other characters in the body, together with lilt of cell development, neuromuscular and resistant role and stirring support. Numerous scientists now feel that supplementation with vitamin D at levels greater than previously thought necessary is critical to helping maintain healthy bone remodeling and healthy vitamin D plasma levels.

Vitamin D 5000 IU may be a useful dietary supplement for those individuals wishing to support general health or whose requirements for vitamin D cannot be met by lower potency products. People consuming more than 2,000 IU per day should have their vitamin D blood levels monitored by a healthcare professional. We should store these tablets in a cool, dry place, away from direct light and keep out of reach of children.

Garcinia Complex

Garcinia Cambogia promotes weight-loss or lower plasma cholesterol in overweight individuals: a randomized control. Natural food supplements with high flavonoid content are often claimed to promote weight-loss and lower plasma cholesterol in research related to animals, but hominid readings have been extra ambiguous. The goal of this reading was initially to regulate the effectiveness of natural food supplements containing Glycine max leaves extract (EGML) or Garcinia cambogia extract (GCE) to promote weight-loss and lower plasma cholesterol. Furthermore to scrutinize whether these complements have any beneficial result on fat, adipocytokine or antioxidant sketches.

The effects of Garcinia cambogia have largely been attributed to its rich (-)-hydroxycitric acid (HCA) composiion. A fresh study of nine judgments proposed Garcinia cambogia/HCA supplementation may cause for few days reduced mass, but the scientific significance still vestiges to be established. Several mechanisms have been recommended, counting inhibition of energy uptake and appetite suppression.

Garcinia cambogia including benzophenones are reported to reduce oxidative stress levels based on in-vitro experiments in human plasma, hence Garcinia cambogia may protect against diseases associated with oxidative stress. Garcinia cambogia is also reported to suppress cholesterol and triglyceride accumulation in high fat diet fed mice. However, evidence that Garcinia cambogia can improve blood lipid profiles or has antioxidant activity in humans is lacking.

Prostate Cancer Symptoms: The Signs of Prostate Cancer

A prostate is a male gland surrounding the bladder’s neck.Also it’s really nearby the urethra. It can create a fluid which becomes a part of semen. This gland is a strong structure as large as a chestnut. It is found in the pelvic cavity, underneath the pubis and the rectum. Prostate cancer is very common in Western countries, though more cases are occurring in Southeast Asia. The surgery of prostate can provide the best cure rate for men with prostate cancer, which is now at about 90 percent.

The most effective treatment solutions are surgical procedures. These processes can be helpful to get rid of the tumor. This particular surgery treatment needs to have the comprehensive removal of the actual prostate gland. Also this surgery can be removed the seminal vesicles along with the re-attachement from the bladder towards the urethra. The results usually are that the tumors are taken away from the body plus this specific technique provides the highest rate of success. This type of significant surgery can occasionally result in impotence problems. Impotency drugs may be used to assist attain an erection. An additional interest for the people who endure impotence problems following your medical processes can be a penile augmentation possibly.

This kind of treatment can be a available choice for men with prostate cancer in its early stages before it may have moved to other parts. The surgery will remove the prostate through an incision in the abdomen. Then the bladder will be attached to the urethra where the prostate previously. It just can be considered as normal urinary function. There is another possible prostate treatment, which is radiation. Radiation therapy is designed to kill off the cancerous cells and can be used as an initial treatment or for recurrent or advanced cancer. Radiation treatment has become much more effective and precise with the advances in science. There are a variety of types of radiation that can be used such as external beam radiation therapy, proton therapy and brachytherapy.

Using such type of process the actual medical specialist has got a far better result. Hence, most of the nerve fibres can be spared which can cut down on chances of impotency. Prostate cancer has a tendency to grow quite gradually. And it can be there for a long time lacking of creating any harm or even expanding. Men who are over fifty years of age need to be screened regularly. It’s noticed that prostate cancer is the most frequent reason for death in men over the age of Seventy five.

Lipoma In Dogs – All You Need To Know About Diagnosing & Treatment

Lipoma in Dogs is a tumor, usually benign, made up of soft fatty tissue or fat cells located under the skin on all parts of the body but most commonly found in the abdomen and chest area. Lipomas are slow growing and will vary in size and shape depending on location, age and breed of dog.

No breed is immune to lipoma in dogs, although they are more likely to be found in older canines particularly females. And be aware they may develop in more than one location on your pet’s body. In extreme cases if left untreated they will join up to form one unsightly and very uncomfortable lump. They are usually oval in shape. These are the most common form of lipoma in dogs.

The other type to look out for is Infiltrative Lipoma in dogs. This type of tumor can be more aggressive, very invasive and not so defined. They develop in between layers of muscle and deeper tissue and grow by slowly expanding between the muscle tissues which may become painful for your pet.

Things to look for:

1. Your dog licking a particular spot especially on the under carriage area

2. Small lumps or bumps forming under the skin (Oval in shape)

What happens next

1.Visit your veterinarian who will then do one or more of the following tests;

2. Aspirate. A fine syringe needle will be inserted into the lump to take a sample of the cell mass which will be examined under a microscope to ascertain if it is lipoma in dogs. This does not usually require sedation and is not painful to your dog.

3. Biopsy. If the aspiration did not conclusively confirm lipoma then a biopsy, a small sample of tissue, will be taken. If the lump is very small the vet may remove the entire mass as the biopsy. Sedation with a local or general anaesthetic is usually required for biopsies.

Treating Lipoma In Dogs

1. If the lipoma is small and slow growing all you may have to do is observe it for any changes over a period of time. If no changes occur then no further treatment will be necessary.

2. Should the lipoma have grown rapidly then surgery to have the mass removed will probably be recommended to avoid any discomfort or mobility issues in the future.

3. In the case of infiltrative lipomas in dogs a more aggressive wider surgical procedure will be needed to remove as much of the tumor as possible. It is not always possible to remove all the tumor cells without affecting muscle movement. But the remaining cells will usually be very slow to return so this may be all the treatment necessary.

4. Radiation Therapy is an option if the lipoma was not able to be fully removed

Life after surgery

Observe your pet closely whilst recovering from the lipoma in dogs surgery. Just to ensure they do not lick or try to remove the dressing or drainage tubes etc. The stiches are usually removed after 7 – 10 days.

Keep an eye on your loyal companion for any changes to the area previously affected and any further growths that may develop over time. Have them checked by your vet on a regular basis.

Unfortunately there is no way to prevent the re-occurrence of lipoma in dogs, it is important you avoid a lipoma becoming so large that they cannot be removed or they affect movement of limbs and quality of life.

Different Methods To Exercise The LES Muscle

The lower esophageal sphincter muscle is the muscle that is responsible for keeping the food contents and stomach acids in the stomach where they belong; it is often referred to as the LES muscle.

In this article, you will find an overview, of some exercise tips in order to increase the strength of the LES muscle.

Many people suffer from heartburn or acid reflux simply because they are overweight. So weight control plays a big part in recovery of these symptoms as well. Added pressure on the diaphragm pushes the stomach upward, therefore causing the LES muscle to open at inappropriate times making the person very uncomfortable.

Another condition that adds to the reflux problem is smoking. Many have heard that smoking contribute to many illnesses and condition, and acid reflux is one of them. When you quit smoking you allow the LES to strengthen and heal, therefore reducing the risk of acid reflux and heartburn.

Over eating and wearing tight clothing can also be a contributing factors, so these are all areas of your life that can be improved to lower your incidents of acid reflux.

Recommended techniques to improve and exercise the LES muscle.
You can Included in your new lifestyle, some relaxation methods such as guided imagery, meditation and breathing techniques.

People who meditate, decrease the anxiety level that sometimes causes major heartburns. When your nervous system is disturbed by a stressful event, it triggers overproduction of acid reflux in your body. Meditation is a great method to help handle those stressful moments and prevent acid reflux from happening. Just find a peaceful area where you can meditate for 15 – 30 minutes before going to work. If you regularly meditate, you will gain better control over unexpected incidents.

Breathing techniques – one of the best ways to handle stress is by using breathing techniques. Just find a quiet area and repeat ten times this method. Start by inhaling through your nose for five seconds – hold it- and release the air through your mouth very slowly. Controlling your stress level will reduce the occurrence of acid reflux and strengthen your LES muscle.

Although there are some people who might debate the effectiveness of guided imagery, many other people believe guided imagery is the most powerful way to heal the underlying cause of many diseases, including cancer. The idea is based on thinking about positive images, which make you feel good. It could be something that makes you laugh or a fond memory. You can do this by laying down or sitting in a relax position for 15 minutes and just imagine the best thing that could happen. You can purchase guided imagery CD’s or cassettes to follow along with the storyteller. You can even imagine drinking a magic potion that could heal and strengthen your LES muscle.

Back Trouble And Your Gall Bladder

Back trouble is a universal problem that affects most everyone. While the more fortunate experience a mild form of the condition, others are unlucky enough to suffer from a prolonged adaptation of the same. When talking about chronic back trouble ; there may be a couple of underlying causes for the same including metastatic inflammation, bone cancer, cervical cancer, spinal cancer and osteoporosis among others. Gall bladder problems could also trigger serious back trouble in numerous cases. Therefore here’s more on the relationship between back stiffness and your bladder.

The illness of the gall bladder indicates difficulty with the functioning of the gall bladder. A layman may not know that the gall bladder is a warehouse of the bile. The bile is released by the body whenever required. The bile at times might contain cholesterol ; the unnecessary cholesterol mixes with the calcium and bile salts to form stones in the gall bladder. These bladder stones are that causes dreadful backache.

The primary region where the agony is felt is the gut but the symptoms begin with pain in the back. It starts from the lumbar region and catches hold of the belly. The discomfort in a few cases is sufficiently bad that it induces immobility. The individual that has gall stones might be too sick to even stand on his very own.

Back pain triggered by gall bladder disease is a heavy infirmity and can be quite troublesome to deal with. Therefore, it’s important to get an early diagnosis and find appropriate treatment for the same. However, try not to confuse the infirmity with any other health problem and learn to recognise the associated symptoms. Gall bladder disorder is typically characterized by abdominal swelling, astringency, diarrhea, angina and fever. Hence if you spot any of these symptoms together with back trouble, you should seek instant treatment for the same. You can also rule out other illnesses such as sciatica and so on by the same process.

You can treat sciatica as well as other types of back stiffness. Likewise, you can treat pain caused due to gall bladder as well. But the conventional therapies for back pain won’t work here. You have got to tackle the root cause of the difficulty i.e. The gall bladder illness. Regardless of how many discomfort alleviation medicines you take, you can’t lose the difficulty till and unless you tackle the real cause i.e. Gall bladder disorder. Naturally, you have several treatment possibilities available for a similar, so there is little to fret.

Whether you are suffering from sciatica or any other type of back pain, you can always treat the problem. The only thing you must do is diagnose the problem on time and opt for an acceptable plan of action.

Analysis of market prospects of paclitaxel

It is reported that the sales share of current anti-cancer drugs accounted for approximately 15% of the world pharmaceutical market, in the best-selling plant sources anti-cancer drugs, the “Paclitaxel” is undoubtedly the champion. Development and utilization of paclitaxel is gaining more and more attention.

Paclitaxel is a new plant anticancer drug. The mechanism of paclitaxel is different from other chemical synthesis anti-tumor agents or plants anticancer drugs. It is primarily in the way of inhibiting tumor cell’s important division manner – tubulin synthesis to make the tumor volume gradually reduced rather than directly kill cancer cells. The originally approved clinical use of paclitaxel was for the treatment of advanced ovarian cancer and non-small cell lung cancer. Since then, the medical community has been discovered many interesting new uses of paclitaxel, including in combination with anti-AIDS drugs to treat Kaposi’s sarcoma (a specific cancer of people with AIDS) as well as for colorectal cancer, bladder cancer, breast cancer and a series of thorny tumor diseases. Since the expansion of paclitaxel indications and side effects less than other anticancer drugs (chemotherapy), so that the products in the international market received many reputations and has become widely used first choice anti-cancer drug in clinical. Although the price is expensive, but its efficacy is outstanding, so that paclitaxel formulation on the market is always sold briskly.

The currently marketed paclitaxel by different sources of raw materials can be divided into two categories. The first category is processed by directly extract pharmaceutical raw materials from the Pacific yew bark, the second category is semi-synthetic paclitaxel that extracted “10 baccatin base” from the European ornamental twigs or leaves and other renewable resources, through semi-synthetic to be paclitaxel. The international market is still in use the two paclitaxel bulk drugs preparation methods that established ten years ago (ie, Yew tree bark extract method and twig extract half synthetic method). So far there has not been reported the third methods form of large-scale industrial production of paclitaxel. According to the latest statistics, in 2000 the total sales of the world market paclitaxel raw materials is $ 147 million, paclitaxel formulations market is about 1.3 billion -1.4 billion dollars, of which the United States consumes about 90-95% of the paclitaxel bulk drugs. In terms of volume, in 2000 the global paclitaxel bulk drugs production is about 370kg, and basically consumed the full year yield (no stock). Due to the international market demand for paclitaxel bulk drugs, by 2007, the sales of paclitaxel bulk drug was 1 time than in 2000, up to 700kg or more, total market sales reached about $ 200 million.

According to international pharmaceutical market analysts estimate, various countries demand for paclitaxel raw materials will increase rapidly in the next 5 years, increasing by 100%. The reason is that the effect of paclitaxel treated advanced cancer is significant, other chemotherapy drugs can not able to replace; second, the United States has begun produce yew leaven approved generic drug product, which means that paclitaxel in the United States is no longer an exclusive product. In addition, Italy, Germany pharmaceutical companies will launch their own generic drug paclitaxel formulations products during the year. As more and more generic paclitaxel products onto the market, the competition of each preparation factory competing against paclitaxel bulk drug will become increasingly fierce. There is no doubt that with the expansion of production, the demand for paclitaxel raw materials will continue to grow.

Most of the current paclitaxel production in China used for injections in their national markets, only a small number of raw materials for exporting to international markets. Authorities estimate that the total output of Chinese paclitaxel bulk drugs is about 40kg, accounted for 10% of international paclitaxel production.

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Cancer in the bladder, kidney, and prostate – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Bladder cancer occurs due to malignancy arising from epithelial lining of the urinary bladder. It is a condition in which abnormal cells multiply rapidly without control in the bladder. There are many reasons behind this occurrence, but the most common reason is the use of tobacco. Thirty percent of bladder tumors result from exposure to fatal carcinogens such as Benzidine. 2-Naphthylamine, which is found in cigarette smoke, also proved to increase bladder cancer.


1. Characteristics of blood in the urine
2. Pain during urination is another common symptom
3. Frequent urination
4. The feeling to urinate without being able to do so


The treatment depends on various factors which include the patient’s medical history and physical fitness. Surgery, chemotherapy, radiation therapy, and biological therapy are available to treat the patients suffering from bladder cancer.

Prostate cancer treatment:

This cancer can be treated by administering surgery, radiation therapy, hormonal therapy, chemotherapy or some other contribution of various therapies together. Hormonal therapy is a characteristic and effective treatment for prostate cancer as it keeps the cancer cells deprived of the male hormones which they need for growth. This treatment might involve the use of drugs, surgery or other effective substances. It is generally used to treat cancer that spreads over a vast area.

Cancer of the kidney:

Treatment involves surgery, radiation therapy, chemotherapy, hormone therapy, biological therapy and arterial embolization. Arterial embolization is a typical treatment for kidney cancer. It is a procedure in which small pieces of a special gelatin sponge or other material is sent in to clog the renal blood vessel. It blocks the supply of the pure blood that carries oxygen and other necessary substances for the growth of the tumor. It also provides relief from pain when the tumor is just impossible to remove.

PSA Levels:

The prostate gland in the human body produces small amounts of PSA or Prostrate Specific Antigens which are found in the blood, but mostly in the semen. It is measured in nanograms per millimeter of blood. The normal level is 4ng/milliliter, above which is an indication of prostate cancer.

Causes for high PSA levels:

1. No ejaculation preceding to the test ( at the least by 2 days)
2. Increase with age
3. Inflammation seen in the prostate gland
4. Non-cancerous swelling of the prostrate

Robotic surgery:

The good news comes in the form of robotic surgery to all those undergoing treatment for various cancers mentioned above.

1. Less painful
2. Considerably low blood loss
3. Less scarring
4. Speedy recovery
5. Better clinical outcome

Is Mesothelioma A Sleeping Dragon?

Mesothelioma is caused by asbestos exposure. Asbestos is a substance found naturally. It is made of strong flexible fibres. It was used extensively in industry because the fibres are not affected by heat or chemicals and a poor conductor of electricity. It is estimated that over 5,000 products have or had asbestos in them.

Of the six types of asbestos, only four are used commercially. These are chrysotile, crocidolite, amosite and anthrophyllite. Of these, crysotile or white asbestos accounts for 99% used in USA. In it natural state or well contained and maintained in products, asbestos do not pose a real hazard. It is when asbestos is broken down and fibres are released that there is concern.

Asbestos fibres are very thin and sharp. The fibre is 2,000 times thinner than a human hair. It measures under 0.3 microns or one millionth of a millimetre in diameter and five microns in length. It is not visible with the naked eye or through a microscope. When released, the fibres remain in the atmosphere for a long time and can be carried great distances. When the fibres are inhaled, they stick to the lung tissue and are not expelled by breathing out or coughing. Some remain in the lungs, others gravitate into the pleural lining.

Asbestos exposure can lead to disease and develops over a long period of time. Asbestos related diseases are asbestosis, pleural plaques and lung cancers. The lung cancer can be either cancer of the lung itself or mesothelioma, a cancer of the lung lining. These cancers can take between 20 and 50 years to develop. A recent article in a UK Newspaper highlighted the case of a Hospital Consultant who developed mesothelioma. He cannot recall any exposure to asbestos. It may well be that he was inadvertently exposed to asbestos without his knowledge i.e. such as living in the vicinity of a factory that leaked asbestos into the atmosphere.

Professor Peto has shown that new cases of mesothelioma will continue to increase in the early part of the twenty first century. He also said, “Every single person in the UK has asbestos in their lungs. It is the level of exposure that is important.”

We also know that people who has a history of asbestos exposure has a greater risk of lung cancer if they smoked. In a survey in 1992, 2602 individuals with lung cancer were interviewed. One in eight was exposed to asbestos and of these a third still smoked. A US study suggested that non-smokers exposed to asbestos have a five times greater risk of lung cancer. If they smoked, then the risk increased by a factor of 11. Smoking and asbestos exposure increases the risk of developing lung cancer to 52 times that of the general population.

At present no one knows how many lung cancers are due to asbestos exposure because of the long latency period and that cigarette smoking remains the major cause. Mesothelioma, however, is caused by asbestos exposure and this has been the basis of numerous high value legal claims.

As for the future, in the USA and Europe, asbestos related diseases will gradually increase to a peak. Of concern, however, are areas of conflict. In the Middle East, when a building was bombed, or when numerous buildings were bombed during the invasion of Iraq, do we have any idea how much asbestos was released into the atmosphere?

We are, however, certain that during the 9/11 disaster, asbestos fibres were released. When the Twin Tower collapsed, there were 400 tons of asbestos in the structure. The toxic cloud that hung over Manhattan, contained high level of asbestos. It is estimated that over 100,000 people suffered asbestos exposure. The greatest exposure was amongst first responders. Deborah Reeve was the first to die from asbestos related disease after 9/11. She was a first responder and paramedic. She died in March 2005 from mesothelioma. This concerned experts because mesothelioma takes a very long time to develop. They concluded that her exposure must have been excessive.

A study result showed that 70% of recovery and rescue workers who were active during and after the World Trade Centre collapse had some form of respiratory problem. A six year follow up study showed that sufferers with respiratory problems continue to have the same ailments. “In the six years since the attacks,” Nadler said, “We have accumulated a mountain of evidence that thousands of those exposed are suffering from chronic respiratory disease and, increasingly, a variety of rare cancers.”

Hopefully, as experts predict, within the next few years asbestos related diseases will peak and the annual new cases will drop. If not, could it be a sleeping dragon about to wake up?

Acid Reflux and Heartburn – Are You Suffering?

Does your morning coffee cause you pain? Are you frustrated when a night out dining with friends ends in discomfort instead of relaxed conversation? Do you carry antacids with you every day?

Heartburn is more than just a nuisance. It can detract from enjoying a meal, force you to change your routine and hang over your every decision – what to eat, what to drink, when to lay down.

What is this monkey on your back and how can you find relief?


Heartburn occurs when the acid content of the stomach makes its way back into the esophagus. A burning sensation and even a bitter taste are experienced by heartburn sufferers.

If you are suffering more than twice a week you may have acid reflux disease – also known as GERD. Why is this important?

Not all heartburn is caused by GERD (Gastroesophageal reflux disease). Occasional heartburn can be caused by a variety of factors but if you have regular episodes there are things you can do to help.


If you have regular heartburn the first thing you should do is stay away from regular use of antacids. Antacids can relieve the pain of occasional heartburn, but because they are designed to neutralize the acids in your stomach they can cause the stomach to create MORE acid – a cycle called ‘acid rebound’. Some medications can also cause diarrhea or constipation or even increase the risk of food poisoning by inhibiting the growth of good bacteria.

Watch out for trigger foods such as caffeine, alcohol, citrus, chocolate, minty, spicy or tomato-based foods as well as fatty or fried foods, onions or garlic.

Being overweight or smoking also increases the risk of GERD and lifestyle changes may help to control the symptoms.

Activities such as lying down after a meal, bending forward, lifting heavy items or eating large meals can bring acid reflux on. Avoiding these activities after a meal, eating smaller portions and raising the head of your bed several inches may help.

Some natural products such as orange peel extract are being researched for their abilities to curb heartburn.


Anyone. But it should be noted that pregnant women, children, overweight individuals and smokers are all likely candidates.

Young babies have immature digestive systems. National Digestive Diseases (NDDIC) says that most children outgrow GERD by the time they are one year old. However, because the symptoms are painful precautions like frequent burping and keeping the infant upright for 30 minutes after eating can reduce the occurrence.

Older children may have to take similar precautions in diet and activity as adults. You should always consult your doctor when you suspect GERD to avoid future complications.

Being overweight or pregnant increases the pressure in the abdomen. 25% of pregnant women experience heartburn at some time during their pregnancy.

If you suspect GERD it is important to contact your doctor as there can be harmful side effects of persistent heartburn including scaring of the esophagus, asthma, erosion of the teeth and even increased risk of esophageal cancer. Frequent, persistent heartburn can also be a symptom of other serious conditions and should be checked on by a professional.